Sources Of Copper

Seafood - oysters, crabs, bluefish, perch, lobster
Meats - veal, duck, lamb, pork, beef liver and kidneys
Nuts/seeds - almonds, pecans, walnuts, filberts, brazil nuts, sesame, sunflower, pistachio
Vegetables - soybeans
Grains - wheat germ and bran
Miscellaneous - yeast, gelatin, bone meal, corn oil, margarine, mushrooms, chocolate
Other sources - copper water pipes, copper sulfate added to drinking water, copper compounds used in swimming pools, mineral supplements (especially prenatal vitamins), copper cookware and tea kettles, birth control pills, copper intrauterine devices, vegetarian diets, stress, exhaustion of the adrenal glands

Many children are born today with excessive copper levels passed to them from their mothers in utero.

Roles In The Body

  • Energy production
  • Female reproductive system
  • Blood formation

  • Functions Of Copper

    Circulatory - structure of blood vessels, aorta and heart muscle
    Blood - formation of hemoglobin
    Nervous - maintenance of the myelin sheath on nerves
    Reproductive - essential for fertility, menstrual cycle
    Endocrine - synthesis of stimulatory neurotransmitters
    Muscular/skeletal - bone and connective tissue structure
    Immune system - necessary for the immune system
    Integumentary - needed for skin, hair, nails and pigments
    Energy - energy production (the electron transport system)

    Symptoms Associated With A Copper Deficiency

    anemia hair loss
    atherosclerosis impaired collagen formation
    demyelination of nerves loss of hair color
    diarrhea low hormone production
    edema osteoporosis

    Symptoms Associated With A Copper Excesss

    acne fatigue mind racing
    adrenal insufficiency fears mood swings
    allergies fractures, bone multiple sclerosis
    alopecia headaches (migraine) myocardial infarction
    anemia hemorrhages nausea
    anorexia heart disease pancreatic dysfunction
    anxiety hyperactivity premenstrual tension
    arthritis hypertension schizophrenia
    autism hyperthyroidism sexual inadequacy
    cholesterol, elevated hypochlorhydria spaciness
    cancer hypoglycemia strokes
    cystic fibrosis infections tooth decay
    depression, mental inflammation urinary tract infections
    diabetes insomnia vitamin deficiencies
    estrogen (imbalance)    

    Synergetic Nutrients

    Absorption - proteins

    Antagonistic Nutrients

    Absorption - zinc, manganese, iron, calcium, molybdenum, sulfur, mercury, cadmium, vitamin C
    Utilization - zinc, vitamin C, vitamin B6, sulfur, molybdenum, manganese, iron

    Hair Analysis Notes

    • Bio-unavailable copper: Often copper status can be tricky to assess. Copper may be present, but unavailable for use in the body. This occurs any time adrenal gland activity is low.
    • Copper and Oxidation Type: Fast oxidizers generally are deficient in copper, while slow oxidizers usually have either high copper or bio-unavailable copper.
    • Hidden Copper Toxicity: Copper is often normal on hair tests, but may actually be locked in body tissues. Test indicators of a hidden copper imbalance are:
    • Calcium level greater than 75 mg%
    • Potassium level less than 3 mg%
    • Sodium/potassium ratio less than 2.2:1
    • Mercury toxicity often indicates a hidden copper toxicity
    • Copper level less than 1.0 mg%
    • Zinc/copper ratio less than 6:1

    Reasons For Supplementation With Copper

  • to raise a low sodium/potassium ratio
  • to enhance retention of calcium in tissues
  • Back to minerals List
    This material is for educational purposes only
    The preceding statements have not been evaluated by the
    Food and Drug Administration
    This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

    Copyright © 2012 - The Eck Institute of Applied Nutrition and Bioenergetics, Ltd.