Manganese
Magnesium

Sources Of Manganese

Meats - snails, egg yolk
Nuts/seeds - sunflower, coconuts, peanuts, pecans, walnuts, chestnuts, hazelnuts, almonds, brazil nuts
Fruits - blueberries, olives, avocados
Vegetables - corn, corn germ, parsley, legumes
Grains - wheat, wheat germ and bran, rice, barley, oats, buckwheat, rye
Miscellaneous - kelp, cloves, tea

Roles In The Body

  • Energy Production, essential for
  • Glucose tolerance levels, necessary for maintaining
  • Tendons and ligaments, maintains integrity of
  • Bone development, essential for

Functions Of Manganese

Nervous system - synthesis of neurotransmitters
Reproductive system - fertility
Endocrine system - required for normal adrenal and thyroid gland activity
Skeletal - tendons, ligaments, connective tissue
Metabolic - energy production, glucose tolerance, utilization of fats and carbohydrates
Detoxification - involved in superoxide dismutase

Symptoms Associated With A Manganese Deficiency

allergies hypoglycemia
diabetes myasthenia gravis
dizziness ringing in the ears
fatigue weakness, muscular
bone fractures or osteoporosis weak ligaments and tendons

Symptoms Associated With A Manganese Excess

anorexia neurological symptoms
ataxia schizophrenia
iron deficiency  

Synergetic Nutrients

zinc, choline, vitamin K


Antagonistic Nutrients

Absorption - calcium, phosphorus, iron, soy protein
Metabolic - copper, magnesium, iron, vanadium

Hair Analysis Notes

Manganese is called the maternal mineral because manganese-deficient animals cease to care for their young.


High Hair Manganese:
  • may be due to manganese toxicity derived from drinking water containing excessively high levels of manganese.

Low Hair Manganese:
  • low hair manganese levels are extremely common. However, if the manganese level is below .03 mg% it is considered very low.
  • low manganese usually correlates with slow oxidation and low energy levels.

Reasons For Manganese Supplementation

  • to raise low sodium levels
  • to lower excessive iron, copper or other toxic metal levels
  • to correct a low sodium/potassium ratio
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    This material is for educational purposes only
    The preceding statements have not been evaluated by the
    Food and Drug Administration
    This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

    Copyright © 2012 - The Eck Institute of Applied Nutrition and Bioenergetics, Ltd.